Romanesque architecture is more
uniform than the stained glass that adorns it.
The walls are thick and the window openings small
with rounded tops. Because the glass was set in
small openings, it had to let in considerable
light. Today Romanesque windows seem
darker because of corrosion.
figures in Romanesque stained glass stand or sit
staring straight ahead. Some are involved in
action as witnessed by their billowing garments.
Some windows are made up of a series of events
enclosed in medallions. The earlier windows of
this style are more simple, primitive and rare.
They depict well-known saints or stories from the
for the Virgin Mary is
prevalent at this time and she is often depicted
as a queen. The windows use stylized vegetal
ornament and decorative beading around the scenes
and figures. The predominant colors are red and
blue. This style of stained glass seems to have
developed from cloisonne enamels and
Romanesque windows remain. Those that do remain
are frequently found as illustrations in books;
thus, they often seem familiar. Some examples of
the Romanesque style are the Augsburg Cathedral figures,
c. 1120; parts of an Ascension scene from
Le Mans Cathedral, c. 1140;
the Great Crucifixion from Poitiers Cathedral, c.
1165-70; the facade windows and La Belle Verriere from Chartres Cathedral, c. 1150;
and, at the end of the era, the great figures in
the choir clerestories of Canterbury Cathedral, c. 1200.
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